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About Us

OCTOBER

01

2018

    HISTORY

    Kumram Bheem’s

    News: KumramBheem’s kin waits for a job.
    Source: The Hindu

    Bheem was born in the year 1900 to KomaramChinnu and Sombai. His father was killed by forest officials when Bheem was 15. He fought against the AsafJahi dynasty for the liberation of Hyderabad.

    Bheem openly fought against the Nizam government in a guerrilla campaign. He defied courts and the law, choosing to depend on the wild world. He took up cudgels against Nizam’s soldiers and breathed his last fighting at Babijhari.

    Bheem in the contemporary Gond history was a man of great valour who stood like a rock to protect the tribes. He was a man who never knew anything other than physical labour and was a beacon that lighted up the dark world of the Gonds with the flames of ideologies like the very sun lighting up the wilderness.

    Like all the children of wild, Bheem's younger days did not expose him to the outside world. As he came on the threshold of adolescence, he heard the plight of tribes paying unjustifiable cess.

    He had given the slogan of ‘Jal, Jungle, Jameen (Water, Forest and Land)’. It meant the people who lived in forests would have the right to all the resources of the forest.

    The AsafJahi was a Turkic dynasty from the region around Samarkand in modern-day Uzbekistan. The family came to India in the late 17th century, and became employees of the Mughal Empire.

    As the Mughals, Turco-Mongol origin, were great patron of Persian culture, language, literature: the family found a ready patronage.

    The dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi, a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal emperors from 1713 to 1721 and he intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb's death in 1707 and under the title AsafJah in 1724, the Mughal Empire crumbled and the viceroy in Hyderabad, the young AsafJah, declared himself independent.

    The founder of this dynasty was Mir Qamaruddin Khan, a noble and a courtier of the Mughal Muhammad Shah, who negotiated for a peace treaty with Nadirshah, the Iranian invader; got disgusted with the intrigues that prevailed in Delhi. He was on his way back to the Deccan, where, earlier he was a Subedar.

    But he had to confront Mubariz Khan, as a result of a plot by the Mughal emperor to kill the former. Mubariz Khan failed in his attempt and he was himself slain. This took place in AD 1724, and henceforth Mir Qamaruddin, who assumed the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk, conducted himself as an independent prince.

    Earlier, while he was one of the Ministers of the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah, the latter conferred on him the title of AsafJah. Thus begins the AsafJahi rule over Golconda with the capital at Aurangabad.

    POLITY

    Peace Padyatra

    News: A 186km rally for peace in the Red heartland.
    Source: The Hindu

    Around 150 people, from various States affected by Maoist insurgency will begin a 186-km long ‘Peace Padyatra’ (peace march) on Monday to appeal to “all sides to give peace a chance.”

    The Peace Padyatra, which will start from the Shabri Gandhi Ashram in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, will conclude in the Jagdalpur town of Bastar on October 12 with a conclave called the ‘Bastar dialogue’.

    This effort is being led by tribals from Telangana. There was a meeting in June this year, in which it was decided to make sustained efforts for peace and involve the affected people in the peace process.

    ECONOMY

    Liquidity Crunch

    News: ‘Rising interest rates have led to liquidity crunch.
    Source: The Hindu

    A time when cash resources are in short supply and demand is high.

    During a liquidity crunch, businesses and consumers are charged high interest rates on loans which are more difficult to obtain. Also known as liquidity crisis and credit crunch.