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APRIL

05

2019

    ART & CULTURE

    Thakurani Jatra Festival

    News: Two big festivals add zing to Berhampur polls.
    Source: The Hindu

    The Thakuranijatra festival has started. It is a biennial festival celebrated in Berhampur, Ganjam district, Odhisa.

    During the festival, Goddess BudhiThakurani is taken from the main temple at Thakurani Temple Street to her temporary abode at Desibehera Street, where she stays till the festival ends.

    According to historians, first ThakuraniYatra was celebrated in April, 1779. The hereditary head of the festival is Desibhera, the head of Dera community. Dera is a community of weavers of Berhampur.

    Berhampur is famous for its silk sarees and handloom cloth. The Berhampur patta sari and joda (dhoti) has been accorded with GI tag.

    HISTORY

    Kakatiya Era

    News: Ramappa temple for world heritage site.
    Source: The Hindu

    Kakatiya era jewel near Warangal in the reckoning as a standalone UNESCO site, the first in Telangana

    Telangana may get its first Unesco World Heritage Site, but it may be the Ramappa Temple at Palampet near Warangal than any of the QutbShahi era sites in Hyderabad.

    The Siva temple is perhaps the only one in the country that is known by the name of the architect rather than the king who commissioned it or its presiding deity. The stunning dance sculptures and friezes of the temple appear as if they have been machined into shape on black dolomite, rather than being chiselled. The temple is built on a valley and it rests on bricks that are scientifically shown to float in water.

    The property is then evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM) then provides advice on conservation of the site, and training.

    The 12th and the 13th centuries saw the emergence of the Kakatiyas. They were at first the feudatories of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyana, ruling over a small territory near Warangal. Prataparudra I established a sovereign dynasty in 1163 CE. The dynasty saw powerful leaders like Ganapathi Deva and Rudramadevi.

    Prataparudra I, also known as KakatiyaRudradeva, was the son of the Kakatiya leader Prola II. It was under his rule that the Kakatiyas declared sovereignty. He ruled the kingdom till 1195 A.D.

    It was under the rule of Prataparudra I that usage of Telugu language in inscriptions began.

    Before the establishment of Orugallu/Warangal as the capital, Hanamakonda was the first capital of the Kakatiyas.

    The great Italian traveller Marco Polo visited the Kakatiya Kingdom sometime during Rudramadevi’s tenure as the ruler of the Kakatiya Dynasty and made note of her administrative style; admiring her extensively.

    The iconic KakatiyaThoranam was built by Rudramadevi’s father in the 12th Century. This ornate arch is said to have many similarities with the gateways at the SanchiStupa and is also the emblem of Telangana.

    The scenic Pakhallake in Warangal was built by Ganapathi Deva.

    The 1000 pillar temple in Warangal was built during the Kakatiya Rule and is another example to the exquisite Kakatiya Architecture.

    Under the Kakatiya rule, the caste system was not rigid and in fact, it was not given much significance socially. Anyone could take up any profession and people were not bound to an occupation by birth.

    The Koh-i-Noor Diamond, which is now among the jewels set in the British Crown, was mined and first owned by the Kakatiya Dynasty.

    Since the end of 13th Century and the early of 14th Century, Kakatiya Kingdom faced several attacks by the Delhi Sultanate. The attacks started under AlauddinKhilji’s rule and it is said that it is during this time that the Koh-i-Noor went into the hands of the Delhi Sultanate.

    The Kakatiya rule finally came to an end in 1323 A.D. when Warangal was conquered by the GhiyasuddinTughlaq, the then Sultan of Delhi.