NEWS: Mamata to skip NITI Aayog meeting.
SOURCE: The Hindu.
WHY IN NEWS: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said that she would not attend the NITI Aayog meeting scheduled.
The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States.
The Government of India, in keeping with its reform agenda, constituted the NITI Aayog to replace the Planning Commission instituted in 1950. This was done in order to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India. An important evolutionary change from the past, NITI Aayog acts as the quintessential platform of the Government of India to bring States to act together in national interest, and thereby fosters Cooperative Federalism.
At the core of NITI Aayog’s creation are two hubs – Team India Hub and the Knowledge and Innovation Hub. The Team India Hub leads the engagement of states with the Central government, while the Knowledge and Innovation Hub builds NITI’s think-tank capabilities. These hubs reflect the two key tasks of the Aayog.
NITI Aayog is also developing itself as a State of the Art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.
Atal Innovation Mission
Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) including Self-Employment and Talent Utilization (SETU) is Government of India’s endeavour to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. Its objective is to serve as a platform for promotion of world-class Innovation Hubs, Grand Challenges, Start-up businesses and other self-employment activities, particularly in technology driven areas.
The Atal Innovation Mission shall have two core functions:
1. Entrepreneurship promotion through Self-Employment and Talent Utilization, wherein innovators would be supported and mentored to become successful entrepreneurs
2. Innovation promotion: to provide a platform where innovative ideas are generated
• Atal Tinkering Labs
• Atal Incubation Centers
• Scale-up support to Established Incubators
Samavesh - Promoting Excellence For Transformative Policy Reform
‘Samavesh’ is a programme launched by the NITI Aayog to link together various lead Knowledge and Research Institutions to catalyse development processes, enhance institutional capacity development and enable a field level interface with the community for mutual enrichment. As part of this, NITI Aayog seeks to deepen and extend its institutional capacity through networking and partnerships with reputed knowledge & research institutions to create an ecosystem of evidence based policy research. This network will enable efficient knowledge sharing and information exchange among all partners to fulfil their role in transformative policy reform so as to achieve sustainable and more inclusive development in line with Sustainable Development Goals as well as the 15 year Vision, 7 year strategy and 3 year action plan being developed by the NITI Aayog.
Aspirational Districts Programme
Launched by the Hon’ble PM in January, the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme aims to quickly and effectively transform these districts. The broad contours of the programme are Convergence (of Central & State Schemes), Collaboration (of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers & District Collectors), and Competition among districts driven by a mass Movement. With States as the main drivers, this program will focus on the strength of each district, identify low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.