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OCTOBER

21

2018

    ENVIRONMENT & ECOLOGY

    Carbon Storage

    News: Native shade trees better for carbon storage.
    Source: The Hindu

    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the separation and capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmospheric emissions of industrial processes and the transport and safe, permanent storage of the CO2 in deep underground geologic formations.

    By preventing CO2 from large-scale industrial facilities from entering the atmosphere, CCS is a powerful tool for addressing potential climate change. Geologic storage is defined as the placement of CO2 into a subsurface formation so that it will remain safely and permanently stored.

    The CO2 for geologic storage comes from industrial facilities that emit large amounts of CO2, particularly those that burn coal, oil, or natural gas. These facilities include power plants, petroleum refineries, oil and gas production facilities, iron and steel mills, cement plants, and various chemical plants. In CCS, CO2 is not removed from the atmosphere. Rather, CO2 that would otherwise have been emitted into the atmosphere is captured and disposed of underground. CCS enables industry to continue with less disruption, while minimizing industry’s impact on climate change.

    Many studies show that CCS could make a significant contribution to reducing CO2emissions. The greatest emissions reductions are achieved when all options for reducing CO2 emissions are utilized, including energy efficiency, fuel switching, renewable energy sources and CCS.