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    Central Vigilance Commission

    News: Supreme Court puts CVC, Verma on a tight leash.
    Source: The Hindu

    The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is the main agency forpreventing corruption in the Central government. It was established in1964 by an executive resolution of the Central government. Its establishmentwas recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962–64).

    Thus, originally the CVC was neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body. Later, in 2003, the Parliament enacted a law conferring statutory status on the CVC.

    The CVC is conceived to be the apex vigilance institution, free of control from any executive authority, monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government and advising various authorities in Central Government organisations in planning, executing, reviewing and reforming their vigilance work.

    The CVC is a multi-member body consisting of a Central Vigilance Commissioner (chairperson) and not more than two vigilance commissioners.

    The appointment committee consists of Prime Minister, Union minister of home affairs and the Leader of the Opposition in the LokSabha.

    They hold office for a term of four years or until they attain the age of sixty five years, whichever is earlier. After their tenure, they are not eligible for further employment under the Central or a state government.

    The CVC has its own Secretariat, Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE) and a wing of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDIs).

    The CVC conducts its proceedings at its headquarters (New Delhi). It is vested with the power to regulate its own procedure. It has all the powers of a civil court and its proceedings have a judicial character. It may call for information or report from the Central government or its authorities so as to enable it to exercise general supervision over the vigilance and anticorruption work in them.


    Chilika Lake

    News: Migratory birds start arriving at Chilika, but numbers are down.
    Source: The Hindu

    It is Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon.

    It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest coastal lagoon in the world.

    It lies in Odisha state on the eastern coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River flowing into the Bay of Bengal.

    Because of its rich bio-diversity and socio-economic importance, Chilika was designated as a Ramsar site in 1981 to afford better protection.

    It was first waterbody in Indian to be designated as wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

    It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub- continent.

    It was put under Montreux Record (record for such sites where there has been or likely to be adverse ecological change due to manmade activities), but was later removed from it due to conservation efforts.

    The Irrawaddy dolphin has been found in Chilikalake. It is a euryhaline species of oceanic dolphin found in discontinuous subpopulations near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia.

    Irrawaddy dolphins are classified as ‘Vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

    Rambha sector in the Chilika Lake is the ideal sector for dolphins to play, flock and mate because of the stillness of the water in the bay area.

    Chilika, known for its exquisite natural beauty, attracts many tourists because of its dolphin population.