- Zojila Tunnel Pass
- India’s Missile deal with Israel
- Certificate issued by Panchayat secretary as proof of citizenship
- Bomb Cyclones
Its an all- weather connectivity road project between Srinagar, Leh and Kargil which remains closed during winter due to heavy rainfall.
It’s a bidirectional tunnel.
Project implementation is done by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will implement it through the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited.
Zojila is a pass connecting Srinagar and Leh on the western Himalayas.
This is considered to be second highest pass Fotu La on Srinagar- Leh national highway.
Benefits of the Project
All weather connectivity between Srinagar, Kargil and Leh.
Will be an added advantage for the tourism sector.
May increase the employment opportunities for the Kashmir youth.
Better security for the travelers especially in winter.
Indian government has cancelled the deal to buy SPIKE- anti tank guided missile with Israel state owned defence contractor “Rafael”.
India government has done this for giving the DRDO of India an opportunity to do the same.
Spike is a man-portable "fire and forget' missile built by Israel's state-run firm, Rafael Advanced Defence Systems, which can hit moving targets such as a tank. It allows the soldier who fires the missile to quickly move for cover.
Supreme court on recent verdict made it cleared that it cant be considered as a proof of citizenship.
It will be a secondary proof only which come only if the link between the claimant and the legacy person is established.
Legacy person is the one who is related to claiming person by birth or blood and who has to be acitizen also.
Proofs of citizenship documents
Birth Certificate, Aadhar card, Passport, voter id can be considered as the proof of citizenship.
Cyclones on the eastern coast of USA.
These are mid latitudinal cyclones or frontal cyclones.
Happens as an after effect of front formations(warm front, cold front or occluded front)
Unlike other mid latitudinal cyclones, its intensity is comparatively more because of extreme low pressure system.
Like any other northern hemisphere cyclones, this is also anticlockwise in nature.
- LoC- JK Borders
- Suggestions For Confidence Building Across Loc
With the rampant use of high calibre weapons such as mortars and even artillery in the borders in Jammu and Kashmir, civilian casualties and the destruction of their habitats have risen steadily. The narratives about death and destruction and how children cannot attend school due to ceasefire violations are tragically similar on both sides of the border. On the Indian side, much of this destruction is in the Jammu sector where villages fall in the range of high calibre Pakistani weapons. Notably, there is far more border population on the Pakistani side than on the Indian side.
The one source of relief for the border population is the cross-LoC trade and transit that has persisted despite the ceasefire violations. Despite being disrupted for short periods due to the firing, it is eventually reinstated to the relief of the local Kashmiris on both sides.
Soldiers posted on both sides also live under the constant threat of enemy firing.
Pakistani military deployment on the LoC is thin compared to the Indian deployment along the counterpart sectors. The Pakistani side has not erected border fences, has stationed fewer troops, constructed fewer posts, and carries out very little patrolling along the zero line. In short, Indian forces enjoy sheer physical dominance along the borders. This seems to have aided the ability of the Indian forces to carry out occassional ‘surgical strikes’, both acknowledged or otherwise, across the LoC.
One sure way of reducing the destruction of civilian habitats is to lower the calibre of the violations. To do so, the two sides could consider withdrawing heavy artillery to 50 km behind the zero line.
The two Director-Generals of Military Operations, along with their delegations, could consider holding regular meetings every six months. Data show that every time the leaderships of the armed forces meet, ceasefire violations come down — albeit for not too long.
Establishing more flag meeting points between local commanders and responding quickly to meeting requests could lead to better communication and reduced misunderstandings resulting in fewer ceasefire violations.
That the Indian side suffers fewer casualties and lesser destruction of civilian habitats is no reason why we should avoid entering into joint mechanisms to stabilise the borders in Jammu and Kashmir. Over 30 slain Indian soldiers on the LoC and close to 900 ceasefire violations last year alone (note that each ceasefire violation could be tens of thousands of shots ranging from personal weapons to heavy artillery) should be reason enough for doing so.
- U.S –Pakistan
- India’s Concerns
US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley cited Pakistan’s “double game” of cooperating with the U.S. and harbouring terrorists who attack its troops in Afghanistan.
US President Donald Trump accused Pakistan of “lies and deceit” and of treating the U.S. leadership as “fools”.
U.S. decided to hold back $255 million aid to Pakistan.
Overall downslide in ties with the U.S. will be a major worry for Pakistan, the cancellation of funds may not be that alarming.
American assistance to Pakistan is at its lowest levels since 2001.
Pakistan’s confidence that it has an alternative in China has grown, with Beijing’s pledge of more than $100 billion in loans for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor infrastructure, power projects, and so on. The question, then, is whether the U.S. will consider stronger measures, such as stopping all funding, sanctions, or cancelling Pakistan’s ‘major non-NATO ally’ status.
All American statements so far focus on Pakistan’s support to terror groups that threaten Afghanistan, and more particularly, the U.S. troops in Afghanistan. Therefore, action against the groups that threaten India is unlikely to be an immediate priority.
New Delhi must also be mindful of the impact of a more fractured U.S.-Pakistan relationship on regional security.